What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea? The Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors

Did you ever experience that in the middle of the night when you are sleeping; suddenly you feel that there is shortness of your breath? Your partner might think it is a scene from some horror movie and will assume that some paranormal entity had possessed you and making you uncomfortable in breathing. And in all this situation, you are unaware and start breathing again with a gasp. But the truth is, this is a medical issue which is known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea or OSA. In this article, Top Nova orthodontics will discuss everything you need to know about OSA.

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive sleep apnea is when something blocks some or the entire of your upper airway when you are sleeping. Your stomach and chest muscles need to work more enthusiastically to open your airway route and maneuver air into your lungs. Your breath can turn out to be shallow, or you may even quit breathing quickly. You ordinarily begin to inhale again with a wheeze, grunt, or a jerk in your body. You may not sleep soundly, yet you likely won’t realize that it’s happening.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea:

Here are some of the obstructive sleep apnea symptoms for your awareness:

  • Excessive sleepiness in the daytime
  • Uproarious snoring
  • Patterns of breathless sleeping
  • Unexpected awakening in the middle of sleep
  • You got a dry mouth or sore throat when you wake up
  • Morning migraine
  • Trouble concentrating during the day
  • Encountering mood swings
  • Hypertension
  • Low self-esteem and different desires

When Should you Consult the Doctor?

Counsel a doctor if you or your partner experiences the following symptoms:
  • Snoring too loudly that it wakes you or others up.
  • Awakening because of shortness of breath
  • Irregular delays in your breathing during sleep
  • Unnecessary daytime laziness, which may make you nod off while you’re working, for instance, driving, talking, etc

Numerous individuals may not consider snoring an indication of something conceivably genuine, and not every person who snores has obstructive sleep apnea.

Treatment:

There are various obstructive sleep apnea treatments which you can consider a few of them are:

Dental Appliances:

To treat your sleep apnea, there are multiple dental appliances that your orthodontist might offer you. The oral appliance is a top-notch, custom-fitted dental appliance produced for the treatment of snoring and OSA. It is convenient and comfortable. By wearing a dental appliance while sleeping, your lower jaw will be pushed ahead into a comfortable position. It allows relaxation of the tissues at the rear of your throat and guaranteeing the base of your tongue doesn’t collapse and obstruct your airway route, giving you a sound sleep. Most patients and experts favor oral apparatus treatment for its effectiveness and comfort.

CPAP (Continuous Positive Airways Pressure)

With CPAP, your doctor suggests you wear a mask over your mouth and nose while you sleep. The mask is connected to a machine that conveys a consistent progression of air into your nose. This flow of air helps keep your airway routes open so you can inhale how you should. CPAP is the most widely recognized treatment for rest apnea.

UAS (Upper Airway Stimulation)

With Upper Airway Stimulation, your health physician puts a little pulse generator under the skin on your upper chest. A wire that goes to your lung distinguishes your normal breathing pattern. Another wire up to your neck sends mellow signs to the nerves that control your airway muscles, keeping them open. You can utilize a handheld remote control to turn it on before bed and turn it off after you wake up.

Surgery:

When oral appliances and CPAP fail, the doctor would recommend you to go for surgery to treat your sleep apnea. The operation is done to address issues like tonsils, adenoids, etc. which are the main reasons for OSA. Also, more complex surgery needs to be done to adjust the craniofacial bone structures.

Causes of Sleep Apnea:

In adults, the obstructive sleep apnea causes could be excessive body weight and obesity.

In children, enlarged tonsils, large overbites, and adenoids can cause OSA.

Risk Factors:

  • Anyone who has a family history with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
  • People with the endocrine issue.
  • Smokers
  • Those that are experiencing nighttime nasal blockage because of unusual morphology, rhinitis, or both.
  • People who are overweight and obese.
  • Men and ladies with huge neck sizes.
  • Middle-aged and older men and post-menopausal ladies.
  • People who have abnormal soft and hard tissues of the neck and head.
  • Adults and youngsters with Down syndrome.
  • Children with enormous tonsils and adenoids.

Hence, these were a few things that you must know about sleep apnea, and if you experience uneasiness during your sleep, please consult your health practitioner.

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